The University of Chicago
Jujitsu Club

 U of C Jujitsu logo

About the sport

Jujitsu specializes in close techniques like joint locks, chokes, throws, holds, and grappling techniques, but it also includes strikes, kicks, blocks, and efficient movement to foil and counter attackers. Our style of Jujitsu, Danzan Ryu, was created by Soke (founder) Henry S. Okazaki. Professor Okazaki studied ancient Jujitsu styles as well as other arts such as judo, karate, kung fu and kendo and created a modernized, complete Jujitsu with self defense applications for modern society. Danzan Ryu Jujitsu is not only a system of self defense, however, but an excellent way to educate the mind in peace, confidence, and control while developing the body in a healthful way.

In class, students practice techniques together, but contact and force are strictly controlled -- THERE IS NO FREE FIGHTING until students have reached a very advanced level of proficiency. Safety is our first priority. Jujitsu practice is excellent exercise, and anybody can tailor the workout to his present level of fitness. Jujitsu is perfect for anyone regardless of age, size, sex, or strength because its techniques use leverage and efficiency of movement rather than relying exclusively on strength or speed.

History of Jujitsu

Jujitsu, also written jujutsu or jiu jitsu, is the ancient hand-to-hand fighting art of the samurai. Recorded as early as 230 BC, Jujitsu had its renaissance during the Edo period of Japan (1603-1868) after Tokugawa Ieyasu formed the Tokugawa Shogunate and brought unification and peace to Japan. This era saw the gradual evolution from weapon styles to weaponless styles, and hundreds of ryu (styles) of Jujitsu flourished, each emphasizing different techniques. With the collapse of the Shogunate and the restoration of the Empire after the Edo period, samurai were outlawed and Jujitsu almost disappeared. A few schools still practiced in secret, however, and in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, aikido (stressing spiritual and less destructive aspects) and judo (emphasizing health and sport aspects) were were developed from Jujitsu.

Henry S. Okazaki is considered the father of American jujitsu. Born in Japan in 1890, he migrated to Hawaii at the age of 17, where he studied various martial arts extensively. He continued his study during a long trip of Japan. In 1930, he opened a martial arts school which is now known as the American Jujitsu Institute of Hawaii. Here he taught the style of jujitsu he developed himself, incorporating components from the various styles he had studied. He taught all people, without regard to their race or nationalities. In that same year, he also opened the Niko Sanatorium of Restorative Massage, where he earned international reputation for his skill as a physical therapist. Okazaki stressed both the martial and the healing arts because he believed students should know how heal and help others as well as defend themselves and inflict harm.

A group of Okazaki's disciples in California, including Professor Ray L. Law and Professor John Cahill banded together, and in 1958, they founded the American Judo and Jujitsu Federation (AJJF), a non-profit organization in California. Since then, the AJJF has expanded to include schools all over the nation and is affiliated with the World Judo Federation.

Jujitsu in Illinois

Prof. Patrick Joseph Browne was born in Berwyn, Illinois and grew up in Brookfield, Illinois. After his graduation from St. Joseph's High School in 1965, Pat received a B.A. in biology from North Central College in Naperville. It was while he was a student there that he began his study of jujitsu. Pat had an interest in martial arts throughout his childhood and had studied some judo and karate while still in elementary school. In the fall of 1967, Pat visited the Naperville YMCA and saw DanZan Ryu jujitsu for the first time, and it was just what he had been looking for. The class that evening was taught by Steve Paulding Sensei, a longtime student of Professors Ray and Marie Law. Steve had a class full of beginners and he urged an enthusiastic Pat to join and help him. Pat began learning DanZan Ryu the next day.

Pat Browne

Teaching judo and jujitsu
A few years later, Pat founded Explorer Post 187 Judo Club, where he taught until 1972. Pat was promoted to the rank of shodan in 1969. He also took over the Naperville Judo Club from Steve Paulding in July of that year, when Steve left the Midwest after completing his graduate studies. Pat was promoted to nidan in 1970. In 1973, Pat took a job as a biochemist at Michael Reese Hospital in Chicago, and was promoted to sandan that year. In 1974, Pat moved his jujitsu club to the Downers Grove YMCA and renamed it the Suburban KodenKai. Pat continued to teach in Downers Grove until 1990. In 1983, Pat was promoted to Professor by the AJJF. During these years, Pat completed a Masters Degree in counseling psychology from the Alfred Adler Institute and worked as a therapist with AIDS patients.

Acupuncture and ikebana
Pat also developed an interest in acupuncture. In 1978 he graduated from the Accumoon School of Acupuncture, and in 1981, the Midwest Center for the Study of Oriental Medicine. He received national certification as an acupuncturist and served as the president of the Illinois State Acupuncture Association from 1988-1990. Pat was instrumental in getting acupuncture licensed in Illinois. The Illinois Acupuncture Practice Act was signed into law on January 31, 1997, a few months after his death. Pat was a longtime volunteer at the AIDS Alternative Health Project in Chicago, where he helped patients with his extensive knowledge of Chinese medicine. In 1991, Pat began the study of Ikenobo ikebana with Nakashima Sensei. Pat related the practice of flower arranging to his martial arts training and eventually achieved the rank of Advanced Student. Pat's arrangements were the focal point of the tokonoma at all of the Midwest jujitsu events for the next five years.

After his death, a scholarship fund was set up. Donations may be sent to:
The Pat Browne Scholarship Fund
c/o The Old Kent Bank
7515 Janes Ave.
Woodridge, IL 60517
Attn: Gina Cunningham

Prof. Browne Lineage Tree
Browne, Pat
Baxter, Jeff
Ben, Abdi
Boland, Mary
Villaneuva, Monica
Boland, Robert
Garcia, Juan
Boland, Tim
Browne, Maureen
Akbari, Faisal
Bigman, Matthew
Blair, Pete
Brandeis, Tom
Campbell, Rob
Czyz, Rick
Gussman, Jason
Gussman, John
Jovanovic, Alex
Karsten, Robert
Kerfoot, Karen
Wheeler, Jim
Burrows, Cedrick
Esla, Gene
Gorra, Brian
Halpin, Mike
Jones, Bev
Lescak, Gary
Thomas, Bob
Stoecklin, Philip
Schmitt, Ron
Melenich, Ward
Fernandez, Curtis
Wehseler, Sohn
Musser, Doug
Bedingfield, Tom
Olgivar, Liese
Schomburg, Greg
Sanders, Stefan
     Gutierrez, Filiberto
        Lee, Sienbi
        Duenas, Jose
        Gutierrez, Tiburcio
        Luis Pinones
Shumpert, Marcus
Sosnik, Tobin
Wick, David
End of Pat Browne Lineage

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Last updated: June 3, 2006